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What You Need to Know About ophthalmologist and Other Eye Care Professionals

ophthalmologist examining senior woman's eyeEyes are precious; they are the windows to our souls. They are the miracles that fill our external experiences with tangible colors and pictures. Taking proper care of our eyes is extremely important. Correct and timely medical treatment is essential for minor and major ailments of the eyes. When dealing with an eye problem, you shouldn’t visit just any doctor; you need an eye care professional. Such a professional will help in diagnosing and treating various eye problems.


An ophthalmologist is a medical practitioner who treats different eye disorders. Together with medical care of the visual system, an ophthalmologist also suggests preventive measures for injuries and various eye problems. The job of this professional is very extensive and diverse. It requires the study and research of many problems associated with vision and their relation to other aspects of the human health. The educational programs and training many take up to 12 years.

What does an ophthalmologist do?

  1. Eye check-ups and diagnosis

Eye-checkups and examination are a part of the routine work in this profession. Such examinations help in the diagnosis of the eye problems. Ophthalmologist must have the basic medical knowledge, which they use to determine whether the eye problem is leading to or is caused by other health problems.

  1. Medical treatment

Ophthalmologists also carry out treatment of eye infections. They can prescribe medications in form or eye drops or oral medicines. The treatment of eye disorders requires in-depth knowledge of all the details of the eye anatomy and defects in vision. An ophthalmologist may be required to work with medical professionals from other branches such as pediatricians, neurologists, ENT specialists, and maxillofacial surgeons, when the eye problems are a result of other underlying health problems. If you are looking for an ophthalmologist in the Ft. Myers, FL area you can find one here. The quality eye doctors here can do the job you are looking for.

  1. Surgical treatments

Ophthalmologists also perform surgical treatment of the eyes. The 2 common types of surgeries conducted by ophthalmologists include elective refractive surgery and phacoemulsification for cataracts. For young patients, a specific surgery called Laser-Assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) is generally performed to correct myopia, hypermetropia and astigmatism.

Sub-specialties of Ophthalmology

There are many sub-specialties of ophthalmology such as ocular oncology, pediatric ophthalmology, cornea and external disease, uveitis and ocular immunology, glaucoma, vetreoretinal medicine, cataract and refractive surgery, neuro-ophthalmology, ophthalmic plastic surgery, ophthalmic pathology and so much more.

Should you see an Ophthalmologist?

  1. If you have personal history of eye illness or if your doctor recommends that you see an eye specialist, then you need to visit one.
  2. If you have a family history of eye problems, including those that come on later in life such as cataracts, you need to maintain a presence with an ophthalmologist.
  3. African Americans above the age of 40 should also have a regular screening by a specialist.
  4. People with diabetes at any age also need this type of monitoring.
  5. Children should also receive this type of eye care. If your child has any type of serious vision problem, then visit an ophthalmologist.

Many people have always asked what is an ophthalmologist and what is difference between him and other eye specialists? Well, here is more information of other eye care professionals.

Other Eye Care professionals

  1. Optometrist

Optometrists conduct vision tests and eye examinations, prescribe medications for eye problems and dispense eye wear like contact lenses and glasses. They are able to detect a patient’s ability to identify colors and check for common defects such as farsightedness, shortsightedness, astigmatism and presbyopia. They also perform surgical techniques like removal of foreign body from the eye and corneal injury. If the condition is very serious, they refer the patient to ophthalmologists.

  1. Optician

This is a person who assists the ophthalmologist and optometrists in providing glasses and contact lenses based on their prescription. The optician helps patients choose eyeglass frames and lenses. Basically, he is expected to assists the patient during and after treatment and help him/her recover.

  1. Orthoptist

After seeking advice from an ophthalmologist, a patient can consult an orthoptist. An orthoptist treats disorders of eye muscles, movement and coordination. These professionals deal with binocular vision. They help people with abnormal alignment of eyes, double vision, depth perception, lazy eyes, headaches and strain eyes. They also assist ophthalmologists during surgery.

  1. Low vision specialist

These are doctors who are specially trained to help people with low vision impairments. Some of them may be ophthalmologist with extra specialization in low vision care.

For all our eye problems, there are many options to choose from among various professionals. All you have to do is enquire and soon your eye problems will be taken care of.